The five foundations of Islam provide the basis the daily routine of a Muslim’s life must revolve around. The second pillar of Islam is prayer, which is pronounced Salah also known as Salat.
What is SALAH?
Salah is not designed to be only a mandatory act. It is actually the primary and the only evidence of the faith-based believer’s commitment towards Allah subhanahu wa Ta’ala.
Types of SALAH:
There are four kinds of Salah that make up the five prayers of the day.
Imperative (missing the fardh salah is considered to be a grave offense).
Obliging (missing is considered to be a crime, but it’s not as much as the fardh salah)
Prophet’s Prayer there are two kinds of Sunnah of Sunnah, one Rasulullah was regularly prayed to, known in the tradition of Muakkadah as well as the other prophet who prayed only often, Ghair Muakkadah.
The table below summarizes what numbers of rakats are required required for each prayer. It is recommended to memorize these so that you know the number of rakats you’ll require to say. A rakat is viewed as a unit, or prayer cycle.
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Advantage Prior to SAALAH
Before beginning to pray, one should be at a level that is cleanness. This can be accomplished through Wudu (ablution). In other situations, Tayammum or Ghusl are suitable methods for purification.
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To be a mature and sane Muslim Set the right intention to be able to pray salah and be aware of whether you are praying fardh or sunnah or Nafl.
To finish the wudu Covering of Satr (private areas) For women, clothes must cover their entire body with the exception of hands and faces.
The practice of praying at the time prescribed to salah.
Prayerful for correct direction of The Qibla (Mecca).
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IMPORTANCE OF SALAH:
Prayer as a source of patience:
“O you who have believed, seek help through patience and prayer. Indeed, Allah is with the patient.” 2:153
Brings tranquility to the heart:
“Those who have believed and whose hearts are assured by the remembrance of Allah . Unquestionably, by the remembrance of Allah hearts are assured.” 13:28
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- I asked the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ): “Which action is dearest to Allah?” He (ﷺ) replied, “Performing As-Salat (the prayer) at its earliest fixed time.” I asked, “What is next (in goodness)?” He (ﷺ) said, “Kindness towards parents.” I asked, “What is next (in goodness)?” He (ﷺ) said, “To participate in Jihad in the Cause of Allah.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
- Abu Hurairahu (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying, “Say, if there were a river at the door of one of you in which he takes a bath five times a day, would any soiling remain on him?” They replied, “No soiling would left on him.” He (ﷺ) said, ” That is the five (obligatory) Salat (prayers). Allah obliterates all sins as a result of performing them.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
- It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed said: “When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) started to pray, he would say: ‘Subhanakallahumma, wa bihamdika tabarakasmuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuk (Glory and praise be to You, O Allah. Blessed be Your name and exalted be Your majesty, there is none worthy of worship except You.)” Grade : Hasan (Darussalam)
- Narrated Abu Huraira: When the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Sami`a l-lahu liman hamidah,” (Allah heard those who sent praises to Him), he would say, “Rabbana wa laka l-hamd.” On bowing and raising his head from it the Prophet (ﷺ) used to say Takbir. He also used to say Takbir on rising after the two prostrations.
- Abdullah bin ‘Umar said: “A Sunnah of the prayer is that you should raise your right foot, and make your left foot lie (on the ground).” Grade: Sahih (Al-Albani)
It was narrated from Hudhaifah that the Prophet (ﷺ) used to say between the two prostrations: “Rabbighfir li, Rabbighfir li (O Lord forgive me, O Lord forgive me).” Grade: Sahih (Darussalam).